What we want to point out.

Modern farming practices seek to lessen human involvement, convalesce yield, and advance animal health. Economics, consumer safety and yields all play a role in how animals are reared. Feed supplements and drug use may be controlled, or banned, to ensure yield is not improved at the expense of consumer health, animal welfare or safety. Techniques vary across the globe, for instance, growth hormone use is allowed in the United States, but not in stock to be traded to the European Union. The convalesce of health, using new farming practices, on the part of animals has come into question. For example, feeding corn to cattle, which have in history eaten grasses, the cattle are less adapted, the rumen pH increases to more acidic, leading to liver injuries and other problems.

Predation

Livestock herders have agonized from wild animal predation and theft by thieves. In North America, animals like the grizzly bear, gray wolf, coyote and cougar are sometimes regarded as a threat to livestock. In Africa and Eurasia, predators include the tiger, leopard, lion, wolf, Asiatic black bear, dhole, spotted hyena, crocodile and others. In South America, feral dogs, anaconda, spectacled bear and jaguar are a threat to livestock. In Australia, wedge-tailed eagles, foxes, the dingo, are popular predators, with an added threat from domestic dogs because they may kill apparently for fun, leaving the carcass uneaten.

Animal welfare

The issue of rearing livestock for human profit increases the issue of the relationship between animals and humans, in conditions of the status of animals and responsibilities of humans. Animal welfare is the perspective that animals under human care should be handled in such a way that they do not suffer unreasonably. What is ‘unreasonable’ suffering may differ. Usually, though, the animal welfare viewpoint is based on an explanation of scientific research on farming techniques. By distinction, animal rights are the perspective that using animals for human profit is, by its nature, usually exploitation, irrespective of the farming techniques used. Animal rights activists would typically be vegetarian, whereas it is steady with the animal welfare viewpoint to eat meat, depending on production processes.

What we think about today methods.

Farming practices

  • Animal husbandry

Farming methods vary considerably worldwide and between forms of animals. Livestock are usually kept in an enclosure, are nourished by human-provided food and are deliberately bred, but some livestock are not restricted/bounded, or are fed by access to natural foodstuffs, or are permitted to breed freely, or any amalgamation thereof. Livestock herding historically was part of a pastoral or nomadic form of material culture. The rearing of reindeer and camels in some parts of the universe remains unconnected with sedentary agriculture. The transhumance type of herding in the Sierra Nevada of California still is incessant, as cattle, goats and sheep are transferred from winter pasture in lower altitude valleys to spring and summer pasture in the foothills and alpine regions, as the seasons continuous. Cattle were herded on the open range on the Pampas of Argentina, in the Western United States and Canada and other prairie and steppe regions of the world.

The enclosure of livestock in barns and pastures is a fairly a new invention in the history of agriculture. When cattle are restricted, the form of ‘enclosure’ may vary from a small crate, a large paddock or fenced pasture. The form of feed may differ from natural growing grass, to artificial animal feed. Animals are typically deliberately bred via artificial insemination or via supervised mating. Indoor production methods are usually used for dairy cattle, poultry and pigs, as well as for dairy goats, veal cattle, and other animals, depending on the place and season. Animals enclosed are usually farmed expansively, as large space needs would make indoor farming unfruitful and impossible. However, enclosed farming methods are challenging due to the odour problems, the waste they churn out, the potential for groundwater contamination and animal welfare concerns. Livestock source corroboration is used to track livestock.

Livestock – particularly the cattle - may be marked to indicate age and ownership, but in recent farming identification is more likely to be designated by means of ear tags and electronic identification than branding. Sheep are also often marked by means of ear marks and/or ear tags. As fears of mad cow disease and other epidemic diseases increase, the employment of implants to examine and trace animals in the food production practice is gradually common, and sometimes required by government rules.

What are we all about?

Livestock are tamed animals reared in an agricultural set up to provide products like fiber, food, and labor. The animals are usually reared for profit. Animal husbandry is a component of recent agriculture. It has been applied in various cultures since the shift to farming from hunter-gather lifestyles.

The economic value of livestock includes:

  • Meat

They provide a valuable type of dietary protein and energy

  • Dairy Products

Livestock can be used as a source of milk, which can in turn simply be used to manufacture other dairy products, like yogurt, butter, cheese, ice cream, kumis and kefir. Using livestock for this function can often generate multiple times the food energy of butchering the animal entirely.

  • Fiber

Livestock yield a variety of textiles. For example, goats and sheep yield mohair and wool; cows, sheep and deer skins can be used to make leather; and bones, horns and hooves of livestock can be used.

  • Fertilizer

Manure produced by the livestock can be dispersed on fields to maximize crop products. This is an imperative reason why historically, animal and plant domestication have been closely connected. On the other hand, manure used to make plaster for floors and walls, and can be further utilized to produce fuel for fires as well. In addition, the bones and blood of animals are used as fertilizer.

  • Labor

Animals like horses, yaks and donkeys can be used for provision of mechanical energy. Preceding invention of steam power, livestock were the only obtainable source of non-human labor. They are still used today for this purpose in various places of on the universe, including transporting goods, military functions and ploughing fields.

Land management

The grazing of home reared animals is sometimes used as a way to control undergrowth and weeds. For instance, in placess prone to wild fires, sheep and goats are set to graze on dry scrub which eradicates combustible material and lessens the risk of fires.