CANADIENNE COW

Origin Quebec, Canada
Distribution Canada (principally Quebec); small populations in USA and France
Status Endangered (Canada) Critical (USA) Endangered (World)
Local Names Canadian Cow; Black Jersey, Black Canadian; Quebec Jersey; French Canadian

HISTORY

The Canadienne Cattle Breed is unique to Canada. The breed’s foundation is based on animals imported from the Normandy area of France in 1608 to 1610. Later importations came from Brittany and Gascony. There is no indication of what type of cattle were imported and no effort was made to breed the different types separately. The melting pot effect took over. With the population remaining largely closed to breeds they eventually took on an appearance and type of their own and became known as “The Canadienne” or “Black Canadian” or “French Canadian” breed.

In 1850, the Canadian Parliament was advised that the Canadienne cattle were the only cattle in Quebec except for a few herds of Ayrshires and Shorthorn. In 1853 the Council of Agriculture began to discourage farmers from breeding these cattle so, by 1880 “there was hardly a French Canadian in the Province that thought enough of his cow to give her more attention that he would a dog”. At this time two or three men decided to save the breed from extinction by starting a breed society. In 1886 a herd book was maintained. In 1895 the French Canadian Cattle Breeders ‘ Association was formed. This new breed “La Canadienne” remains the only dairy breed today to have been developed on the North American continent.

Recent Developments in the Breed

The Quebec Provincial Government has always had a keen interest in the Canadienne breed and, in fact, maintained their own herd until it was lost in a barn fire. In the early 1970’s the Ministry of Agriculture became concerned about the level of inbreeding within the Canadienne Cattle Breed and also that they were falling behind the other dairy breeds in the level of improvement in the areas of udder quality and milk production. They made the decision to introduce genetics from the Brown Swiss breed into their herd. Initially breeders were strongly divided over this decision. As the results of the introduction developed, however, more and more breeders joined in. It eventually reached the point where the Canadienne Breed was at risk of being totally taken over by the uncontrolled use of Brown Swiss genetics.

Fortunately for the breed, this introduction has been stopped and a bull must have 31/32 purity for registration and use as a breeder. To accomplish this, the Ministry of Agriculture has undertaken the financial support for a program known as Project Embryo Plus. The project undertook to identify older 100% pure cows and place them in embryo flushing programs using older (pre 1970) 100% pure bulls as their service sires. The aim was to develop a bank of 100% pure embryos and release them over time. Each year 30 embryos are made available to be implanted in recipient animals in member herds with the resulting calves being raised in these herds. The male calves are to be evaluated and the best selected for semen collection and use as breeding bulls within the breed. The females are also inspected and evaluated for use as embryo donor dams for the program. Once the commitments of the animal have been met, they become the property of the member into who’s herd they were born.

Future of the Breed

There is enthusiasm for the breed in Quebec along with a well organized and active breed society that bode well for the breed. It produces well in low input management systems, which makes it appealing to grass fed operations. Its profile has risen due to its official heritage status given to it by the Quebec government in 1999.

CHARACTARISTICS

Appearance

They are similar in appearance to the Jersey and Guernsey cows all of Britain and Norman-Breton origin.

Colour

Calves are born with a light brown coat which turns dark brown through black at maturity Some animals remain a light brown, tawny or russet. They are generally lighter along the back line, around the muzzle, and near the udder. Generally the body skin is black pigmented.

Size

At birth the calves will weigh about 30 kg. Cows will reach a mature weight of about 450 – 500 kg: males 700 – 800 kg.

Reproductive traits

The breed is recognized for its superior fertility and calving ease.

Hardiness

The Canadian has gained an exceptional rusticity and has adapted to the difficult Canadian environmental conditions..

Uses

The Canadienne is considered one of the most productive amoung the very old and hardy breeds of the world. Canadienne is a very efficient milk producer noted for their high yield of butterfat and protein, giving the milk excellent qualities for cheese making. They are also noted for their excellent grazing ability. This, along with the fact that they are one of the smaller dairy breeds, makes the Canadienne an attractive choice for those dairymen interested in making milk using an intensive pasture management system. The Canadienne will allow him to make use of pasture earlier in the spring and later in the fall when wet pasture conditions would result in larger breeds causing damage to the fields.

COMPARISON OF PRODUCTION FOR THE CANADIENNE BREED
2000 vs. 1991

Records Kg Milk Kg Fat Kg Protein BCA*  
2000 160 6186 268 (4.33%) 224 (3.61%) 217-209-227
1991 394 4569 192 (4.21%) 164 (3.60%) 160-149-166
Results -234 +1617 +76 +88 +57 +60 +61
  (-59%) (+35%) (+40%) (+54%)  
*BCA refers to Breed Class Average, a Canadian system for comparing all records within a breed on a common footing.
1991 (394 records), show that the average production per cow increased: 1617 kg for milk (+35%), 88 kg for protein (+54%) and an increase of 178 points in combined BCA index (+37%)

POPULATION TRENDS

For the past 10 years the population has been relatively stable. Annual registrations have varied between 60 (1993) and 149 (1997) with an average of about 105. In the past 3 years registrations have fallen slightly below this level.

The decrease in the number of records is due, both to the decrease in the number of milk producers and the creation of herds with two breeds and more. The Canadienne must deal with huge competition for milk production from animals of other breeds. In an industry characterized by intensive milk production, in which our long time breeders are involved, the survival of many milk farms depends on sufficient income in order to continue day to day business and, in some cases, ensure the repayment of milk quotas. In this context, the above data takes on more meaning.

Over the last decade, the elements that contributed to increasing the average production of the Canadienne are, among others, better herd management, hybrid vigour and genetic improvement by back crossing with the American Brown Swiss. A brief study of the genealogy of the fifty-six “best annual producers - year 2000” (cows with 700 points of combined BCA), indicates that nearly all those females have a Brown Swiss ancestor.

How do we better value the best cows and at the same time promote the inclusion of their progeny directly into the purebred Canadienne? How do we involve breeders in a project that promotes integration in the purebred?

GENETICS

Inbreeding

The average level of inbreeding within the Canadienne Breed is lower than most other main line Dairy Breeds. To ensure that the inbreeding level is maintained as low as possible the Canadienne Cattle Breeders Association plans to make good use of bulls produced in its Project Embryos Plus. Currently 6 young bulls are being promoted to breeders of Canadienne cattle with the aim of producing sufficient daughters of each sire in herds that are on Official Milk Recording and Type Classification to produce an Official Proof on each of these young bulls.

INBREEDING COMPARISON OF SELECT DAIRY CATTLE

Breed
Average
Average increase in inbreeding by Decade (%)
1968-78
1978-88
1988-98
Brown Swiss
2.8
0.07
0.14
0.07
Canadienne
3.2
0.05
0.08
0.19
Guernsey
4.1
0.00
0.09
0.15
Holstein
4.4
0.08
0.04
0.26
Jersey
4.4
0.10
0.06
0.12


REGISTRATIONS

HISTORICAL DATA ON CANADIAN CATTLE FOR THE 10-YEAR PERIOD (1992 - 2001)
FROM CLRC RECORDS

Number /Year

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Members

63

67

75

68

61

71

73

96

82

85

New members

10

5

12

5

9

15

11

25

13

10

Registrations pure(1)

101

60

150

135

69

149

89

96

103

103

Registrations % (2)

201

115

110

74

60

57

57

145

105

61

Transfers

27

64

34

26

29

116

106

74

63

92

Transfer of embryos

20

28

31

14

10

14

142

48

n.d.

n.d.

Note: 1. Registrations, (pure), before 1998, 87.5% or more; after 1998, 93.7% or more.
          2. Registrations, (%), before 1998, less than 87.5%; after 1998, less than 93.7%.

Animals registered in 2002 :

Total

187

Sex

female 181, male 6

Area

Quebec 168 , Ontario 16, USA 2, France 1

Pedigree

Pure 117 (percentage 70)

Transfers

Total 81 (pure, 52 ; percentage, 29)


Registrations by owner 2002

Quebec

females (males)

Pages Ferme Gaudreau & Fils inc., St-Ulric de Matane

 29

Acton Léo-Paul Provost, St-André d'Acton

 27

Amandes Ferme J.-P. Côté Inc., Neuville

 17

Grimard Réal Grimard, Parisville

 10

Britannia Dominique Petit, St-Valérien de Milton

 11

De l’héritage André Auclair, St-Paulin

 9 (2)

Pointe Basse Jérémie Arseneau, Iles de la Madeleine

 9

Joly Ferme André Anne, St-Ambroise de Chicoutimi

 8

L'angelus Lyne Breton Forget, St-François de Laval

 7

Myr Mario Auclair, St-Antoine de Tilly

 6

Montigny D. Édoin et G. Brodeur, St-Armand Ouest

 6

Patéric St-Alban de Portneuf

 6

SEBC Société des Éleveurs de Bovins Canadiens

 1 (3)

Monbriant Ferme Beaudry & Fils Enr., St-Valérien de Milton

 2 (1)

Royala Louis Roy, St-Joseph de Beauce

 3

Du Patrimoine Ferme Serge Leboeuf

 2

Manuso Manuel Sorel, Canton de Shefford

 2

Duhovent Guylaine Turcotte, St-Adelme de Matane

 2

Alaska Laval Lapointe, Adstock

 1

Beauvoie Hugo Beaudry, St-Valérien

 1

Du Petit Fief François Caron, St Boniface de Shawinigan

 1

L’Arche Ferme des Hirondelles, Michel Decelles, St-Angèle

 1

Etoc Kim Côté, Waterville

 1

Cochrane Ferme Jean-Noël Groleau inc., Compton

 1

Delta Lait SuissEntreprise inc., St-Ulric de Matane

 1

Mon Repos Réal Sorel, Roxton Pond

 1

Totals

162 (6)


Ontario

Lawview Douglas Law, Moffat
 8
Valley Acres Ken Peers, Woodstock
 3
RBC Rare Breeds Canada, Trent University, Peterborough
 3
T Town Brian Krick, Stoney Creek
 1
Boniwind D. & N. Van Winden Binilla, Hawestone
 1


USA

Windy Hill Scottsville, Virginia
 2


France

Brunet Marcillé La Ville
1

Total Numbers

Total Female and (Male)
181 (6)

Registration of females by bull for 2000, 2001 and 2002

NAME OF BULL (35 bulls) NUMBER OF FEMALES (535)

M65996

BRUNET TRADITION GOUVERNEUR

0200CN00400

103

M64691

MONBRIANT KARATE ENERGIKA ET

0200CN00039

89

M65558

MON PARADIS TRAD KID ET

0200CN00042

58

M65656

DU PATRIMOINE EDDY ET

0200CN00043

40

M63872

ERABLES DANCER EXPO 3X ET 50.0

0200CN00037

36

M65303

MON PARADIS PREST MISTER ET

0200CN00041

30

M62031

FERNANDALE TRESOR TRADITION15T

0200CN00033

29

M65463

AMANDES PRESTIGE EPI

 

19

M65964

MON PARADIS MR KINGSLEY ET

 

19

M65888

BRUNET TIMI GOLIATH

0200CN00994

13

M66316

AMANDES ROCKY JOYEUX ET

 

9

M65887

BRUNET ENERGIKA FRONTENAC

0200CN00993

8

M63742

FERNANDALE URUS PREST 10X 75.0

0200CN00035

7

M58573

BRITANNIA MARCO KARATE 25K

0200CN00025

6

M60975

LA DECHARGE TRESOR ROCKY R03

0200CN00029

6

M65999

BRUNET KARATE HERITAGE

0070CN09998

6

M66251

NONCENTS RUBIS OSCAR

0070CN0997

6

M59179

GIRARDIN TIMI MARSOUIN 23M

0200CN00024

4

M66201

MONTREAL

0000CN00011

4

M58552

BORD DE L'EAU TOINON KING K21

0200CN00028

3

M57052

ERABLES YOGUI JOYEUX 10J

0200CN00021

3

M66200

GRIMARD EDDY JACK

0200CN00044

3

M65963

MON PARADIS MR KINGSTON ET

 

3

M65998

LAGORGENDIERE WALLON JULO Z32

0200CN00011

2

M61448

BORD DE L'EAU RUBIS SEVILLE 5S

0073CN00031

2

M61858

MONTAGNE PERFORMER BRIO 1S50.0

0200CN00030

2

Bulls with only one female registered:
CN 8 C. CAPORAL, B. FRONTENAC KARL ET, CN 991 L'A. MARSOUIN KOPERNIK ET, CN 13 MIQUELON, CN 12, MARIN, S. KING DANY, CN 17 S. T. PRINCE CAPORAL 20D, P. BRIO COPIN


BREED SOCIETY

Société des Eleveurs de Bovins Canadiens
Jean-Guy Bernier, Secretary
468 rue Dolbeau, Sherbrook, PQ J1G 2Z7

Executive:
Marcel Beaudry (president)
Mario Auclair ( vice president)
Jean-Guy Bernier (sectetary/treasurer)

Members: (2002)
Members: 56 (Quebec, 42; Ontario, 7; USA, 6; France, 1)
Supporters: 13 (Quebec, 11; USA, 2)
Number of breeders who registered animals in 2002 : Total 32 (Quebec, 26; Ontario, 5; USA, 1)

MEMBERSHIP IN SEBC*

Région "Est" (Est du Québec avec la Beauce, Lotbinière, Saguenay et Lac Saint-Jean)

(02-03) Ferme Léo & Fils Inc. a/s Jérémie Arseneau, C.P. 103, Havre aux Maisons, Iles de la
Madeleine, QC G0B 1K0 Téléc. : (418) 969-9371 Tél. : (418) 969-2637

(02-03) Ferme Gaudreau & Fils Enr., 3300 rang 4 ouest, St-Ulric, QC G0J 3H0
Tel.: (418) 737-9333

(03) Bertrand Sirois, 3285 Route 132 Ouest, St-Ulric, QC G0J 3H0 Tél. (418) 737-4306

(03) Ferme Le Beaulieu, a/s Lise Beaulieu, 416, Rang 4 ouest, Baie des sables, QC G0J 1C0
lebeaulieu@globetrotter.net Tél. : (418) 772-6574

(02) Jacques Dumais, 401, chemin Sommet est, Rimouski, QC G5L 7B5 Tél. : (418) 723-2819

(02) Alain Fortin, 170 Rang Beau Séjour, St-Louis du Ha Ha, QC G0L 3S0 Tél.: (418) 854-0557
alain_fortin@caramail.com Téléc. : (418) 854-5305

(02-03) Ferme Dumont Enr., 143 Rang 2 Est, St-Alexandre de Kamouraska, QC G0L 2G0
Tél.: (418) 495-2368

(03) Ferme Labrie Enr., 143 rang St-Stanislas, St-Alexandre, QC G0L 2G0 Tél. : (418) 495-2368

(S02-03) Richard Duchesne, 490, Rang 1 & 2 ouest, Lac Sauvage, Squatec, QC G0L 4G0
rduchesne@sympatico.ca Tél. : (418) 855-2223

(S02-03) Christian Nanchen, 1605 Rang 2 ouest, C.P. 1367, La Pocatière, QC G0R 1Z0
christiannanchen@hotmail.com Tél. : (418) 856-4501

(S02-03) Hervé Langelier, Rang 3 Ouest, B.P. 296, St-Pascal, QC G0L 3Y0 Tél.: (418) 492-3216

(S02) Monique Gobeil, 1857, Rang Ste-Famille, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 7T7 Tél. : (418) 549-8749

(02-03) Ferme André Anne a/s André Bouchard, 283 rang 8, St-Ambroise de Chicoutimi, QC G7P 2A6
Tél. : (418) 672-4564

(S02-03) Yves Girard, 1727 Ste-Famille, Jonquière, QC G7X 4Z7

(S02-03) MAPAQ, 801 Chemin du Pont Taché nord, Alma, QC G8B 5W2

(02-03) Ferme Serge Leboeuf Inc. a/s Serge Leboeuf, 1065, rue Principale, St-Augustin (Lac St-Jean),
QC G0W 1K0 Téléc. : (418) 374-2700 Tél. : (418) 374-2700

(02-03) Mario Auclair, 4129 Marie-Victorin, St-Antoine de Tilly, QC G0S 2C0 Tél. : (418) 886-2011

(02-02) David Auclair, 4129 Marie-Victorin, St-Antoine de Tilly, QC G0S 2C0 Tél. :(418) 886-2011

(02-03) Front Commun du Patrimoine Agricole du Québec a/s Yves Bernatchez, 6600,
Boul. Marie-Victorin, Ste-Croix de Lotbinière, QC G0S 2H0

(02) Ferme Royala Inc., 393 Route Kennedy, C.P. 1119, St-Joseph de Beauce, QC G0S 2V0
Tél. : (418) 392-4645

(02-03) Réal Grimard, 1395 Principale, Parisville (Lotbinière), QC G0S 1X0 Tél.: (819) 292-3084

*Codes preceding names indicate the following
Annual members in 2002 (02) and 2003 (03),Supporting members (S02-03)
Life members (MV02-03


Région "Nord-Ouest" (nord du St-Laurent et de l’Outaouais, de Québec à Hull,
avec les îles de Montréal)

(02-03) Bibliothèque du MAPAQ, 200 Chemin Ste-Foy, 1 e ét., Québec, QC G1R 4X6
Tél. : (819) 298-2245

(02-03) Ferme J.-P. Côté & Fils Inc., 1225 Route 138 ouest, Neuville (Portneuf), QC G0A 2R0
Tél.: (418) 876-2355 Tél.: (418) 876-2953

(03) Yves Bernatchez, 100, Chemin du Roy, C.P. 236, Deschambault, QC G0A 2Y0 Tél. : (418) 286-2287

(02) Ferme Patéric, 67 rue de l’Église, St-Alban, QC G0A 3B0 Téléc. : (418) 268-8924
Tél. : (418) 268- 6024

(03) Charles Tessier, 2880 Petit St-Georges, Ste-Thècle, QC G0X 3G0 Tél. : (418) 289-3705

(MV02-03) Jean-Marc Bigué, C.P. 444, 161 rue Ricard, Ste-Anne de la Pérade G0X 2J0 Tél.: (418) 325-2074

(02) François Caron, 175, rue de la Montagne, St-Boniface de Shawinigan, QC G0X 2L0

(S02) Frédéric Isabelle, 950 Grande Rivière Nord, Yamachiche G0X 3L0

(S02-03) Sylvain Biron (PATLQ), 1661 Caron, St-Louis de France, QC G8T 8W7 Tél.: (819) 373-9934
Téléc. : (819) 373-8467

(02) André Auclair, 2400, rang St-Louis, St-Paulin, QC J0K 3G0 Tél. : (819) 268-2037

(02) Nicholas Auclair, 2400, rang St-Louis, St-Paulin, QC J0K 3G0 Tél. : (819) 268-2037

(03) Ferme Dupuis (Simon & Jean Dupuis), 2978, Rang St-Jacques, St-Jacques de Montcalm, QC
J0K 2R0 Tél. : (450) 839-2734 Tél. : (450) 839-7567

(MV02-03) Lucien Girardin, 222 Carufel, C.P. 574, Yamachiche, QC G0X 3L0 Tél.: (819) 296-3980

(02) Michel Laporte, 2061 Rivière Bayonne sud, Ste-Élisabeth, QC J0K 2J0 Tel:( 514) 759-6799

(02) Lyne Breton Forget, 8270, Boul. Mille Iles, St-François de Laval, QC H7A 4C6 Tél.: (450) 666-1889

(02) Gaétan Couturier et Ass. Inc., 5728, Boul. Pie IX, Montréal, QC H1X 2B8 Tél.: (514) 653-5704
Tél.: (514) 721-0560

(02) Daniel Ouimet, 9201 Curé Barrette, La Plaine, QC J7M 1N2 Tél. : (450) 478-1585

(02-03) Jérôme B. Aumond, Ferme Saroma, 28 Route 105, Messines, QC J0X 2J0 Tél. : (819) 465-2410

(02-03) Ferme du Windigo a/s Mario Bélanger, 5, Rang 3 Gravel, Ferme Neuve, QC J0W 1C0
Tél. : (819) 587-4321

(S02-03) Denis Ducharme, C.P. 226, Waskaganish, QC J0M 1R0 Tél.: (819) 895-2444 Région "Sud-Ouest" (sud-ouest du St-Laurent à l'ouest de Lotbinière et de la Beauce)

(02-03) Marcel Beaudet, 545 Boul. Bécancour, Bécancour (Gentilly), QC G0X 3S6 Tél.: (819) 298-2245

(02-03) Ferme Alaska Inc. a/s Laval Lapointe, 136 Rang 14, Adstock, QC G0N 1S0 alaska@minto.net
Téléc. : (418) 422-2050 Tél.: (418) 422-2438

(S02-03) Raymonde C. Bégin, 309, Roy, Coaticook,QC J1A 1J4 Tél.: (819) 849-3086

(02) Ferme Étoc a/s Kim Côté, 261, Chemin Côté, Watervill, QC J0B 3H0 Tél. : (819) 837-2958
kimetoc@aol.com Téléc. : (819) 837-0533

(02) Ferme Jean-Noël Groleau, 225 chemin Cochrane, Compton, QC J0B 1L0 Tél. : (819) 835-9373
grolojnd@abacom.com

(S02) (03) Jean-Guy Bernier, 2-172, rue St-Jean-Baptiste, Sherbrooke, QC J1G J3 Tél.: (819) 346-1258
Téléc. : (819) 346-7699

(02-03) Ferme Rozanne, 3024, 9 e Rang Wendover, N.-D. du Bon Conseil J0C 1A0 Tél. : (819) 336-5327
Téléc. : (819) 336-5245

(02-03) Manuel Sorel, 400 Chemin Benoît, Canton de Shefford, QC J2H 8C7 Tél.: (450) 539-1051

(S03) Ferme M.A.Y. Beauchemin, Inc., a/s Yvan Beauchemin, 3625, Grand St-Esprit, Grand St-Esprit QC
J0G 1B0 Tél. : (819) 289-2483

(02-03) Ferme P. Lachapelle Inc. a/s Pierre Lachapelle, 310, rang Bois de Maska, St-François du Lac,
QC J0G 1M0 Tél. : (450) 568-5390

(02) Réal Sorel, C.P. 309, Roxton Pond, QC J0E 1Z0

(03) Mario Gendron, 2153, Roxton Sud, Roxton Pond, QC J0E 1Z0 Tél. : (450) 372-8158

(S03) Johanne Rochon, 2153, Roxton Sud, Roxton Pond, QC J0E 1Z0 Tél. : (450) 372-8158

(02-03) Dominique Petit, 1136 Ch. St-Dominique, St-Valérien de Milton J0H 2B0 Tél.: (450) 549-2381

(02) Yan Petit, 1136 Chemin St-Dominique, St-Valérien de Milton J0H 2B0 Tél.: (450) 549-2381

(02) Ferme Beaudry et Fils Enr., 1717, 11 e rang, St-Valérien, QC J0H 2B0 Tél. : (450) 549-2850

(02) Hugo Beaudry, 1906 - 11 e rang, St-Valérien de Milton, QC J0H 2B0

(02-03) Léo-Paul Provost, 1317, R.R. 2, St-André d'Acton, QC J0H 1A0 Tél.: (450) 549-4068

(02-03) Jacques Provost, 1317, R.R.2, St-André d'Acton, QC J0H 1A0 Tél.: (450) 549-4068

(02-03) Paul Provost, 1088, R.R. 1, St-André d'Acton, QC J0H 1A0 Tél.: (450) 549-4171

(03) Centre d’insémination artificielle du Québec, B.P. 518, 3450 Sicotte, St-Hyacinthe, QC
Tél.: (450) 774-1141

(03) Coopérative des inséminateurs du Québec, 3450 Sicotte, C.P. 240, St-Hyacinthe, QC
J2S 7B6 Tél.: (450) 771-2287

(02-03) I.T.A. St-Hyacinthe, Centre de documentation, 3230 rue Sicotte, C.P. 70, St-Hyacinthe, QC
J2S 7B3

(02-03) Denis Edoin & G. Ghislaine Brodeur, 1700 chemin Edoin, St-Armand Station, QC J0J 1T0
Tél.: (450) 248-7652 Téléc.: (450) 248-7652

(02-03) Clément Edoin, 1754 Chemin Edoin, St-Armand, QC J0J 1T0 Tél.: (450) 248-3495

(02-03) Ferme des Hirondelles, 80, Route 227, Ste-Angèle de Monnoir, QC J0L 1P0 Tél. : (450) 347-7843

(02-03) Bernard Derôme, 555, Rang petite côte, St-Mathieu de Laprairie, QC J0L 1Y0
Tél.: (450) 454-9679 Téléc. : (450) 638-8356

Other Provinces

(02-03) National Museum of Science & Technology Corp., Box 9724 station T, Ottawa, ON K1A 5A3
www.agriculture.nmstc.ca Tel.: (613) 947-2440

(02-03) Earle & Dale Campbell & Family, R.R. 2, White Lake, ON K0A 3L0 Tel: (613) 623-5095
earle.Campbell@sympatico.ca

(02-03) Rare Breeds Canada, Environment & Resource Studies, Trent University, Box 4 800, Peterborough, rarebreedscanada@trentu.ca ON K9J 7B8 Téléc.: (705) 748-1634 Tel.: (705) 748-1634

(02-03) Brian Krick, 406 Tapleytown Rd, Stoney Creek, ON L8J 3K6 Tel.: (905) 662-1485

(02-03) Dorothy A. Shier, R.R. 1, Cannington, ON L0E 1E0 Téléc.: (705) 437-4447 Tel.: (705) 437-1358

(02) Douglas Law, R.R.1, Moffat, ON L0P 1J0 Tel.: (519) 822-6219

(02-03) Ken Peers, R.R. 4, Woodstock, ON N4S 7V8 Tel.: (519) 467-5565

(03) Brenda J & R Brodie Cupples, Box 59, Thorsby, AB T0C 2P0 Tel.: (780) 789-3689
Etats-Unis

(02-03) Lauris Hazlett, 10861 Sick Rd, Cohocton, NY 14826 Tel.: 585-384-5453 newyork@farms.juno.com

(02-03) Thomas Bombard, 5517 State Highway 30-A, Esperance, NY 12066 USA cataron/2066@yahoo.com Tel.: 518- 872-1757

(S02-03 ) Kenneth R. Boozel, Rd 1, Box 16, Martinsburg, PA 16662 Tel.: 814-793-4667

(02-03) Gary & Carol Burnett, Rt 2, Box 531, Scottsville, VA 24590 USA Tel.: 434-286-3352
burnett_gary@msn.com

(02) Charles Dunaway, 465 Chestnut Creek Lane SW, Willis, VA 24380 Tel.: 540-789-4477
ladybug@swva.net

(02-03) New York Public Library, Periodicals Div., Grand Central St. Box 2240, New York, N Y
10163-2240

(02-03) Daniel & Katherine Biggs, Lic B2000-5126-479008, 8348 Beloit Newark Rd, Beloit WI 53511 USA thousandhillfarm@netzero.net Tel.: 608-365-1114

(S02-03) Jason Fields, 882 Barnett Hwy, Brewton, AL 36426-3035 USA Tel.: 251-867-2481


France

(02) Jean-Claude Brunet, Val-Marie, 53440 Marcillé-la-Ville, France

REFERENCES

Société des Eleveurs de Bovins Canadiens, 2003, Rapport Annuel 2002.
Sherestha, J.N.B and Hansen C., 1998, Canada’s Animal Genetic Resources: Cattle Breeds in Canada, Technical Bulletin 1998-2E Centre for Food and Animal Research contribution number 98-04.
Agriculture and Agrifood Canada.
Hansen et al, 2002, Genetic diversity among Canadienne, Brown Swiss, Holstein, and Jersey cattle of Canada based on 15 bovine microsatellite markers, Genome vol. 45: 897-904.

Compiled by Brian Krick and Ted Lawrence, Rare Breeds Canada

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